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Official name: Hungary
Area: 93,030 square km
Neighbouring countries: Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia
Official language: Hungarian
State form: Republic
Capital and largest city: Budapest (population: 1 700 000)
Other large cities: Debrecen, Miskolc, Szeged, Pécs, Gyor
Currency: Forint (HUF)
Time zone: CET (GMT +1)
Major rivers: River Danube (417 km), River Tisza (597 km)
Largest lakes: Lake Balaton, Lake Velence
Highest point above sea level: Kékes (1014 m) in the Mátra Hills
Hungary is a member of OECD, NATO, EU and a Schengen state. Administratively, Hungary is divided into 19 counties with the capital city of Budapest being independent of any county government.
Hungary is among the top tourist destinations in Europe with the capital Budapest regarded as one of the most beautiful cities worldwide. Despite its relatively small size, the country is home to numerous World Heritage Sites, UNESCO Biosphere Reserves, the second largest thermal lake in the world (Lake Hévíz), the largest lake in Central Europe (Lake Balaton), and the largest natural grassland in Europe (Hortobágy).
The official language of the country is Hungarian, which forms part of the Finno–Ugric language family. Hungarians call their language magyar. Although Hungary is located in Central Europe, Hungarian is not related to any of the languages that surround the country. Hungarian is spoken by 10 million people in Hungary, and cca. by 4-5 million more people outside of the country.
- Hungaricums are high value products of Hungary, which show Hungarian uniqueness, specialty and quality, they embody the top performance of the Hungarian people. Read more about Hungaricums!
- Hungary has 16 Nobel laureates. Or are you interested in Franz Liszt, Charles Simonyi, Paul Erdos, Erno Rubik or Katinka Hosszú?
- Two-thirds of Hungary’s geographic area is less than 200 metres above sea level.
- Today Hungary has eight locations on the World Heritage List and three items on the Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Find out more about them!
- There are big differences in temperature between our four seasons: summers are hot, while winters are cold. Average temperatures range from -1 °C in January to 21 °C in July.
- Lake Balaton, covering 598 square km., is one of the biggest tourist attractions of the country. The average depth of the lake is two to three metres, so the water warms up quickly in summer.
- There are ten national parks in Hungary.
- Hungarian history in the Carpathian basin is dated back to the Hungarian conquest in 896. Read about our more than thousand-year-old history.
- The Hungarian crown was given to Saint Stephen by the Pope on the occasion of his coronation at around 1000. Learn more about our national symbols.
- There are also sizable populations of Hungarian speakers in Romania, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, Israel, the U.S., and Australia. Smaller pockets of Hungarian speakers also live in Canada, Croatia, Slovenia and Austria.
10 most popular study destinations for students in Hungary
1. United Kingdom
5. United States