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The Republic of Slovenia lies at the heart of Europe, where the Alps and the Mediterranean meet the Pannonian plains and the mysterious Karst. Slovenia is situated in Central Europe and shares borders with Italy, Austria, Croatia and Hungary, only a couple hours from Venice or Vienna.
The Country is mostly elevated. Outside the coastal area, its terrain consists largely of plateaus and ridges, Alpine peaks, basins and valleys. Many woods and forests in Slovenia cover more than half the territory. Slovenia is homeland to more than 50.000 animal species and 3.000 plant species. The remnants of primeval forests could also be found, especially in the Kocevje area.
The climate is continental with cold winters and warm summers, but in the coastal areas, there is a pleasant sub-mediterranean climate. The average temperatures are -2° in January and 21° in July. There is plenty of snow in winter. In Slovenia, the sun shines approximately 2,000 hours per year.
Historically, the current territory of Slovenia was part of many different empires, including the Roman Empire, the Holy Roman Empire and the Austro-Hungarian Empire. In October 1918, the Slovenes merged together with Croats and Serbs into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia. During World War II, Slovenia was occupied and annexed by the Axis Powers. Afterward, it was a founding member of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia. In June 1991, after the fall of communism and the introduction of democracy, Slovenia split from Yugoslavia and became an independent country. In 2004, it entered NATO and the European Union and the Eurozone.
Alongside the majority population of Slovenian ethnic origin, in the border areas there live Hungarian and Italian minority communities. Various other ethnic groups, mainly from the Western Balkans, also have residence in Slovenia.
The economy of Slovenia is small, open, and export-oriented and has been strongly influenced by international conditions. The main economic field is services, followed by industry and construction. Slovenia is also a great tourist destination.
10 most popular study destinations for students in Slovenia
2. United Kingdom